Aruba (One Happy Island) is a small Caribbean island (54 sq mi or 140 km2) about the size of Washington, D.C., located 25 km north of the coast of Venezuela and 68 km northwest of Curacao, the largest island of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. Aruba’s terrain is mostly flat with a few hills. There is little in the way of vegetation or outstanding physical features and no inland water. Aruba’s best-known geographical feature is its white-sand beaches, which are the basis of an active tourism industry that is the mainstay of the island’s economy. Aruba is situated on the Caribbean Tectonic Plate. Aruba, as well as the rest of the ABC islands and also Trinidad and Tobago, lies on the continental shelf of South America, and is thus geologically considered to lie entirely in South America.
Aruba is just below the hurricane belt. It is 19.6 miles long and 6 miles across with a desert-like vegetation and landscape, with those rare days of rain. Do not be surprised that in the occasion that it rains, this lasts only for a few minutes or hours, conveniently “scheduled” in the early morning. On occasion the sun will be out while it rains and you will still be able to enjoy your day at the beach.
The Arawak Indians were the first tenants of Aruba. Spain investigated the island in 1499, and over after a century the Netherlands (1636) asserted the island. After a brief manage by the British, the Dutch again took control of the island in 1816, and it formally turned out to be a piece of the Netherlands Antilles in 1845.
On Jan. 1, 1986, Aruba withdrew from the organization, yet it chose in 1994 to put off inconclusively the move to full freedom. The Netherlands controls Aruba’s protection and remote issues, yet every interior undertaking are taken care of by an island government guiding its own particular common administration, legal, income, and coin
Aruba’s terrain is almost entirely flat. The highest elevation, so-called Mount Jamanota, is only 188 m above sea level. Rock formations characterize the interior of the island.
The Coast and Beaches
Aruba has three deep water harbors located at Oranjestad, Barcadera, and San Nicolaas (Sant Nicolas). The coastal area is known for its white-sand beaches and the calm waters surrounding Aruba are clear, making it a popular tourist destination.
Aruba is (generally) a dry and level riverless island renowned for its white, sandy shorelines on the western and southern coasts.
The eastern edges of the island are presented to higher winds, therefore they have less sand shorelines, much rougher oceans and a rough coastline.
The island’s inside highlights some scattered moving slopes, including Hooiberg, at 165 me (541 ft), and Mount Jamanota, the most noteworthy on the island at 188 meters (617 ft).